Most common urinary tract infection
The most common urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in women and affect the bladder. This is otherwise known as cystitis and is caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), which is a type of bacteria that’s usually found in the bowel.
Fungi can also infect the urinary tract, but this happens very rarely.
Another common complication of a UTI is urethritis, which refers to inflammation of the urethra. However, urethritis can also be caused by injury or an allergic reaction to chemicals found in certain products, creams and douches.